Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located on the front of the neck. Thyroid gland is responsible for growth and metabolism. Thyroid activity affects oxygen intake and distribution, energy production, protein synthesis and overall development and growth of the body.
The thyroid gland produces 2 main hormones:- thyronine and thyroxine.
The effect of the thyroid hormone activity on hair follicle is most notable during any fluctuation in these two hormones.
Thyroid disorder can cause numerous diseases but it can be broadly classified into two types – hyperthyroidism & hypothyroidism.
It is the medical condition also known as Grave’s disease which occurs when the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones; which exceeds the requirement of the body.
- Increased heart rate and palpitations
- Weight loss
- Intolerable to weather changes such as heat
- Nervousness and anxiety issues
- Increased metabolism
- Disturbed sleep cycle
- Hair loss
How Does It Affect Your Hair?
Your hair is extremely sensitive to any hormonal change in the body – as it is a reflection of your current state of health so if there is a problem of deficiency or excess production of thyroid hormone, your hair will be affected.
Hair follicle needs oxygen, blood supply and energy for proper hair growth. Due to the fluctuation in the thyroid hormone, hair follicle is unable to get sufficient oxygen and blood supply resulting in disturbed hair cycles. With disturbed hair cycle, telogen effluvium kicks in causing excessive shedding of hair affecting the entire scalp rather than discrete areas. The hair appears uniformly sparse and it can only to controlled once thyroid hormone is regulated.
- A thorough health check is a must to ensure the right dosage of thyroid medication.
- Reduction in intake of caffeine and sugar, including refined carbohydrates. Increase your protein intake and focus on eating real, whole foods rich in the nutrients needed for thyroid health, including iodine, selenium, zinc, iron, vitamin D, B vitamins, and vitamin A.
- Ensure you do a gut check-up as 20% of thyroid function depends on a sufficient supply of healthy gut flora, so it’s best to supplement with probiotics (friendly intestinal bacteria).
- Make lifestyle changes. Reduce stress and practice relaxation.
- To reduce hair fall, consume enough omega 3 fatty acids and protein rich diet.
- Regular scalp treatments using herbal remedies help in providing nutrition to your hair follicles and improve blood circulation towards your scalp which can help in reduction of hair fall.
- Choosing the right kind of shampoo suited to your hair and scalp condition and to avoid over-colouring of your hair or using too much hair spray and dyes.
- During regrowth, you may notice changes in texture of your hair which is absolutely normal. With regular hair and scalp treatments you will notice improvement.